Difference between ARMY and CRPF
Many times people confuse the military with the paramilitary. Over the years, the defence forces have evolved a mechanism that takes care of the families of martyrs. This is not so for the paramilitary forces and there is a stir recently from the families of paramilitary forces to address this issue.
So, what exactly is the difference between the military, paramilitary and the central armed police forces?
A military or defence force is a professional organization formally authorized by the country to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state. Although it is called defence forces in India, but its actions are both defensive and offensive.
It typically consists of an Army, Navy, Air Force and the Coast Guard.
Paramilitary Forces As per international usage, any force which has officers of the military managing it but it comes under the control of MHA is a Paramilitary. By definition only the Indian Coast Guard, Assam Rifles and the Special Frontier Forces fall into this.
The Paramilitary forces in India also constitute State Reserve Police Forces. They need special provisions of law to operate in aid of Civil Authorities, similar to the Armed Forces. Since they do not have police powers, they can operate only once the State Government declares an area as disturbed.
Central Armed Police Forces Central Armed Police Forces police functions on the borders to check illegal border crossings, encroachments, smuggling etc (BSF, SSB, ITBP), internal security duties (CRPF) or installation security (CISF).
There are 5 CAPFs in India – Border Security Force, Shashastra Seema Bal, Indo-Tibetian Border Force, Central Reserve Police Force and Central Industrial Security Force.
The Central Reserve Police Force came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police on 27th July 1939. It became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28th December 1949. It has completed 79 years of glorious history. The Force has grown into a big organization with 246 Bns, (including 208 executive Bns, 6 Mahila Bns, 15 RAF Bns, 10 CoBRA Bns, 5 Signal Bns and 1 Special Duty Group, 1 Parliament Duty Group), 43 Group Centres, 20 Training Institutions, 3 CWS, 7 AWS, 3 SWS, 4 Composite Hospitals of 100 bed and 17 Composite Hospitals of 50 bed.